The first examples of the Art Nouveau architecture in the Ottoman geography were seen in the beginning of the 20th century in the developed centers of the Empire and continued until the 1910s. In smaller cities, it transformed into Art Deco and was used until the 1930s. Structures with various types and functions from mosques, mausoleums, palaces, museums, schools, apartments, mansions, villas, hotels, fountains and commemorative monuments were designed in Art Nouveau style.
Victor Horta’s work, titled ‘Stairs’, is one of the most important works of Art Nouveau movement with decorative ornaments and patterns used on the walls and the door. Although Khedive Pavilion carries traces of Art Nouveau movement with its interior ornaments, handrails, stair rails, door and windows, it differs from other Art Nouveau works as it has a more orientalist approach on external architecture and façade ornaments.
Use of geometric forms is the product of an analytical process.